Hand hygiene is the practice of keeping your hands clean as often times as possible, this will help reduce the spread of infection and ardently keep you healthy. Handwashing is essentially the easiest way to avoid getting since especially during these key times you are likely to get and spread germs.
When to Wash Your HandsBefore, during, and after preparing food
Before eating food
Before and after caring for someone at home who is sick with vomiting or diarrhea
Before and after treating a cut or wound
After using the toilet
After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
After handling pet food or pet treats
After touching garbage
Five Steps to Wash Your Hands the Right Way
Follow these five steps every time.
- Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply
- Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your
hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
- Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday”
song from beginning to end twice.
- Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
- Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
Use Hand Sanitizers When You Can’t Use Soap
Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to get rid of germs in most situations. If soap and water are not readily available, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
“WHO recommends people wash their hands at least five times a day with soap and water or hand sanitizer”
Sanitizers can quickly reduce the number of germs on hands in many situations. However;
- Sanitizers do not get rid of all types of germs.
- Hand sanitizers may not be as effective when hands are visibly dirty or greasy.
- Hand sanitizers might not remove harmful chemicals from hands like pesticides and heavy metals.
How to Use Hand Sanitizer
1. Apply the gel product to the palm of one hand (read the label to learn the correct amount).
2. Rub your hands together.
3. Rub the gel over all the surfaces of your hands and fingers until your hands are dry.
This should take around 20 seconds.
Diseases That Can Be Prevented Through Handwashing
1. Norovirus causes diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, stomach pain
2. Flu/ Common cold
3. Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)
5. Strep throat
6. Skin infections such as eczema, rashes, measles, chicken pox
7. Food poisoning
8. Shigellosis: A bacterial infection, it includes watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever. In the later stages, the stool contains mucus, blood and pus.
”Make handwashing a healthy habit!”